Uganda has a very high disease burden, and has a high prevalence rate of malaria, HIV/AIDS, and other preventable, communicable diseases. The country is a major recipient of foreign aid monies for health, particularly for HIV/AIDS. Some critics have claimed that the high level of foreign support for HIV is undermining the provision of primary care.
The country's poor transport and electricity infrastructure also acts as a major barrier to healthcare, as does the shortage of medical personnel and corruption within the government health sector. Stockouts in pharmacies are common.
Over 90 per cent of Uganda's drugs are imported. Questions remain over the quality of those drugs which are locally produced. In 2005, Uganda imposed 10% import tariffs on all imported medicines in line with East African Customs Union protocols. However, this now appears to have been reversed.